Viktor Hamazasp Hambardzumyan (1908-1996) was an Armenian scientist, astronomer, astrophysicist and one of the founders of the field of theoretical astrophysics. He was born in an Armenian family in Tbilisi in 1908.
Hambardzumyan contributed to Mathematical physics and worked in the field of physics of stars and nebulae, stellar astronomy, dynamics of stellar systems and cosmogony of stars and galaxies. He was Academician (1943), president of Academy of Sciences of Armenia (1947-93), Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1953), twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1968, 1978), National Hero of Armenia, the vice-president (1948-1955) and the president (1961-1964 of the International Astronomical Union, and won numerous academic awards.
Hambardzumyan studied at Leningrad State University, physic-mathematical department. In 1926, as student he published his first scientific article, devoted to sun jets. The future astrophysicist continued his postgraduate studies at Pulkovo Observatory in 1928–1931. After he founded and headed the first astrophysics chair at Leningrad University, during 1935-1941 Hambardzumyan was the director of Leningrad University Observatory. In 1944, Viktor Hambardzumyan, together with his family (father, mother, wife and 4 children) moved to Yerevan, where he founded a faculty of Astrophysics in Yerevan University. Viktor Hambardzumyan was the founder and director of Byurakan Observatory (1946).
Hambardzumyan was awarded two Stalin Awards, the Russian Federation State Award and M.V.Lomonosov (1971) Gold Medal of Academy of Science of the USSR. The great Armenian scientist was elected as an international member of the Academies of Science of Belgium, Austria, Bulgaria, Denmark, Germany, Georgia, Italy, London Royal Society, Netherland, the USA, France, etc.
He was awarded Gold Medals of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (1959) and British Royal Astronomical Societies (1960), Jansens Medal of the French Astronomical Society (1956), Gold Medal of Slovak Academy of Science (1970), Helmgolz Medal of German Academy of Science in Berlin (1971), and others.
V. H. Hambardzumyan died in August 1996 in Byurakan and is buried next to the Grand Telescope Tower. Today statue of Viktor Hambardzumyan stands in front of the Yerevan State University Observatory. Since September 1996, Academy of Sciences of Armenia has decided to award best scholars with the gold medal of Hambardzumyan.
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