Armenia is a small country with territory of 29.800sq/km. It is situated on the border of Europe and Asia, and borders with Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran and Georgia. The capital of Armenia is Yerevan. Armenia is divided into 11 regions (marzes).
The population of Armenia is 3.2 million people. The country has a very homogeneous ethnic composition, 97.9% of the population are of ethnic Armenian origin. Among other minorities are Russians, Yezidi, Assyrians, Ukrainians, Greeks, Georgians, and Belarusians. It’s important to mention, that 8 million Armenians live worldwide. Armenian Diaspora was formed after Genocide, committed by Ottoman Empire in 1915, when thousands of Armenians had to leave their homes. The largest communities are in Russia, France, Iran, United States, Georgia, Syria, Lebanon, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Venezuela, Australia, Canada, Cyprus, Ukraine, Israel and Egypt.
Culturally, historically and politically, Armenia is considered to be a part of Europe. However, due to its location in the southern Caucasus, on the conventional boundary between Europe and Asia, we can say that it’s an intercontinental country. Endowed with rich cultural heritage, Armenia is considered to be the first country to officially accept Christianity in the IV century (301).
Armenia has no access to the sea, and is a mostly a mountainous country. It has mountain rivers and few forests, extinct volcanoes, deep canyons, high plateaus, formed from lava, crossed by deep ravines. Most of the country is located at 1800 meters above sea level. The highest point is Mount Aragats (4092m), while the lowest is located in Debed valley (400m).
The land is unstable and prone to earthquakes of 3.5 points of magnitude. In 1988 a strong earthquake of 7.5 points shook the north-west of Armenia causing more than 25,000 deaths.
Armenia is rich in minerals such as gold, silver, copper, iron, molybdenum, construction materials and salt.
Armenia stands out with a large variety of landscapes, including 7 geographic zones, from deserts and semi-deserts to alpine and subalpine meadows. Because of the numerous mountain formations, which block the influence of seas, and the high location of the territory above sea level, the climate is continental with a large difference between the seasons, including hot summers and cold winters. Average summer temperatures exceed 25 º C, while in winter the temperature is -5 º C. The best time to visit the country is from April to October.
Armenia, the history of which goes into one of the oldest civilizations in the world is a post-Soviet republic, today unitary, democratic state, a presidential republic, governed by the Constitution, which was adopted after the national referendum in 1995.
Armenia is currently a member of more than 35 international organizations, including the United Nations, Council of Europe, the Community of Independent States, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
The official language is Armenian, while Russian and English are also frequently used. Armenian language is a separate branch of Indo-European language family, between groups of Slavic and Greek languages. The Armenian alphabet, created by Mesrop Mashtots in 405 AD, has been used until now, without any changes over the centuries.
The national currency is AMD, with notes of 1000, 5000, 10.000, 20.000, 50.000 drams, as well as coins of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 drams. In all banks and exchanges you may freely change the currency and there are no limits on currency exchange.
Armenia is the first country in the world, which officially adopted Christianity in 301, whereas in the Roman Empire religious freedom was established 12 years later, in 313, and only in 325 Christianity was given official legitimacy.
The roots of the Armenian Church go back to many centuries, starting from the Ist century. According to historical information, the Armenian Church was founded by two of the twelve apostles of Jesus, Thaddeus and Bartholomew, who preached Christianity in Armenia from 40 to 60. In their honor the official name of the Armenian Church is Armenian Apostolic Church. Armenians also call it Gregorian Church, in honor of St. Gregory the Illuminator, the first patriarch (in Armenian Catholicos) of the Armenian Church. The Armenian Church has 4 hierarchical sees: Holy See of Ejmiadzin, Cilicia, Patriarchate of Jerusalem and the Patriarchate of Constantinople. The present Catholicos of all Armenians is Garegin II, selected in 1999.
To enter the territory of Armenia you need a visa which you may obtain contacting the embassy or consulate of Armenia in your country or can get it right in the Zvartnots airport. The border police will formulate all necessary documents pertaining to a visa.
The best way to arrive in Armenia is by air. Airplanes arrive from Europe in the international airport Zvartnots. There is a possibility to rent a vehicle with or without driver to move around the country. It is also possible to use our proposal, which includes all services: transportation, hotels, meals, guided tours.
Country code – + 374 + city code (10 for Yerevan). Calls abroad are made by dialing 00 + country code + desired number. It is also possible to order an international call by dialing 107.
GMT + 4 hours
December 31, 1 and 2 January – New Year
January 6- Christmas
January 28 – Day of the Armenian Army
March 8 – International Women’s Day
April 7 – Day of Maternity and Beauty
April 24 – A memorial day for victims of the Armenian Genocide of 1915
May 9 – Victory and Peace Day
May 28 – Day of the First Republic
July 5 – Constitution Day
September 21 – Independence Day
Second Sunday of October – Erebuni-Yerevan (Day of the foundation of Yerevan)
Choose one of our tours to Armenia to enjoy beauty of Armenia with your own eyes.