The ruins of one of the former medieval capitals of Armenia, Dvin, are located in the province of Ararat, 45 km south of Yerevan, 12 km from the city of Artashat nearby a town by the same name. Dvin is included in the tentative list of World Heritage by UNESCO in 1995.
King Khosrov Kotak, son of Trdat III, founded the city in the years 330-338. He built his palace on the hill Dvin and moved the Court. Soon the city grew, flourished and became an important commercial center of Transcaucasia and the Middle East until the thirteenth century, when the Mongol hordes completely destroyed the city and mercilessly massacred the inhabitants.
Dvin was abandoned, covered in a thick layer of dust and dirt and was forgotten until excavations of the years 1937-1972.
The archaeological site of Dvin was included in the tentative list of World Heritage by UNESCO in 1995 under criteria II, III, IV.
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